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Incoterms 2000 provides Preambles explaining the function of each Incoterm. These are reproduced in full for visitors to this site. For example, the Preamble to FAS FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP states that under FAS the seller delivers when the goods are placed alongside the vessel at the named port of shipment. "The buyer has to bear all costs and risks of loss of or damage to the goods from that moment."

Click on any of the 13 terms listed below and read a concise definition from the Preambles to Incoterms 2000. Several of the Preambles, marked below with an *, include a footnote referring to the Introduction. Click anywhere on those pages to view the relevant part of the Introduction. Please note that the terms will appear on your screen in read-only format and so cannot be copied or printed.
  1. CFR COST AND FREIGHT (named port of destination)

  2. CIF COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT (named port of destination)

  3. CIP CARRIAGE AND INSURANCE PAID TO (named place of destination)

  4. CPT CARRIAGE PAID TO (named place of destination)

  5. DAF DELIVERED AT FRONTIER (named place)

  6. DDP DELIVERED DUTY PAID (named place of destination)

  7. DDU DELIVERED DUTY UNPAID (named place of destination)

  8. DEQ DELIVERED EX QUAY (named port of destination)

  9. DES DELIVERED EX SHIP (named port of destination)

  10. EXW EX WORKS (named place)

  11. FAS FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP (named port of shipment)

  12. FCA FREE CARRIER (named place)

  13. FOB FREE ON BOARD (named port of shipment)
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